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      1. 2020年中考英語精華知識點匯總

        2019-10-12 15:17

        來源:網絡

        作者:南昌新東方

        中考直通車 | 一站獲取中考資訊
        距離2020年江西中考還有
        2020中考英語精華知識點匯總
        英語語法重點與難點
        1、 as…as…結構:
        You’re a boy as good as Tom.=You’re as good a boy as Tom.
        你和湯姆是一樣好的孩子。
        2、 (1)too…to與 so…that sb. can’t…的句型轉換:前者為簡單句,主語只有一個,而后者為復合句,主語有兩個,試比較:
        The man was too angry to be able to speak.
        The man was so angry that he wasn’t able to speak.
        (2) too…to…與 not enough to句型的轉換:
        He is too young to get married.=He is not old enough to get married.
        The book is too difficult for me to read.=
        The book is not easy enough for me to read.
        3、 形容詞原級表示比較級含義:
        約翰不象邁克那么苯。
        John is not so stupid as Mike.
        John is less stupid than Mike.
        John is cleverer than Mike.
        4、 用比較級表示最高級:約翰是班里最高的男生。
        John is taller than any other boy in the class.
        John is the tallest boy in the class.
        5、 the more….. the more….表示“越……越……”:
        The more books you read, the wider your knowledge is.
        The more food you eat, the fatter you are.
        6、 more and more….表示“越來……越……”:
        More and more students realized the importance of a foreign language.
        Our country is getting stronger and stronger.
        情態動詞
        1.考查情態動詞表示“推測”的用法
        [考點快憶] 表示肯定推測的情態動詞有:must“一定;準是”,may“也許;可能”,might“或許”;表示否定推測的情態動詞有:can't“不可能”, couldn't“不會”,may not“也許不”,might not“或許不”;can表示推測時不用于肯定句,may表示推測時不用于疑問句。
        2.考查情態動詞引起的一般疑問句的答語
        [考點快憶] 回答must時,肯定答語用must,否定答語用needn't或don't have to。回答need時,肯定答語用must,否定答語用needn't。回答may時,肯定答語用may,否定答語用mustn't 或can't。
        3.考查情態動詞的意義
        [考點快憶] must “必須”;have to“不得不”;need “必須;需要”;can(could)“能;可能”;may (might) “可以;可能”;shall,will (would)“將;會;愿意;要”;should“應當”。 “had better (not) + 動詞原形”表示建議;have to / has to / had to的否定,疑問形式要借助于助動詞do / does / did。
        中考對定語從句的考查
        1.定語從句的功用和結構
        在復合句中,修飾某一名詞或代詞的從句叫做定語從句。被定從句修飾的詞叫做先行詞。定語從句必須放在先行詞之后。引導定語從句的關聯詞有關系代詞和關系副詞。例如:
        This is the present that he gave me for my birthday
        2.關系代詞和關系副詞的功用
        關系代詞和關系副詞用來引導定于從句,在先行詞和定語從句之間起紐帶作用,使二者聯系起來。關系代詞和關系副詞又在定語從句中充當一個成分。關系待客做主語,賓語,定語,關系副詞可作狀語。
        <1>. 作主語:關系代詞在定語從句中作主語時,從句的謂語動詞的人稱和數須和先行詞一致。例如:
        I don’t like people who talk much but do little.
        The cars which are produced in Hubei Province sell very well.
        <2>. 作賓語:She is the person that I met at the school gate yesterday.
        The book that my grandmother gave me is called “The Great Escape”.
        <3>. 作定語
        關系代詞whose在定語從句中作定語用。例如:
        What’s the name of the young man whose sister is a doctor?
        The girl whose father is a teacher studies very hard.
        <4>. 作狀語 
              I’ll never forget the day when I first came to Beijing.
        三. 各個關系代詞和關系副詞的具體用法
        1. who 指人,在定語從句中作主語。例如:
        The person who broke the window must pay for it.
        The boy who is wearing the black jacket is very clever.
        2. whom指人,在定語從句中作賓語。例如:
        Do you know the young man (whom) we met at the gate?
        Mr Lee (whom) you want to see has come.
        3. whose 指人,在定語從句中作定語。例如:
        The girl whose mother is ill is staying at home today.
        I know the boy whose father is a professor.
        4. which指物,在定語從中作主語或賓語。例如:
        A dictionary is a book which gives the meaning of words.
        Here is the book (which) the teacher mentioned yesterday.
        5. that多指物,有時也指人,在定語從句中作主語或賓語。例如:
        I’ve read the newspaper that(which) carries the important news.
        Who is the person that is reading the newspaper over there?
        6. when 指時間,在定語從句中作狀語。例如:
        I’ll never forget the time when we worked>He arrived in Beijing
        7. where 指地點,在定語從句中作狀語。例如:
        This is the house where we lived last year.
        The factory where his father works is in the east of the city.
        四. 關系代詞 whom, which 在定語從句中作介詞賓語時,可以和介詞一起放于先行詞與定語從句之間,有時為了關系緊湊也可以將 whom 與 which 與先行詞緊挨著書寫,而將介詞置于定語從句的后面,如:
        That was the room in which we had lived for ten years. = That was the room which we had lived in for ten years.
        五. 具體使用時還要注意下列問題:
        1. 只能使用that,不用which 的情況:
        (1) 先行詞是all, few, little, nothing, everything, anything 等不定代詞時。
        All that he said is true.
        (2) 先行詞被only, no, any, all,等詞修飾時。
        (3) 先行詞是序數詞或被序數詞修飾的詞。例如:
        He was the second (person) that told me the secret.
        (4) 先行詞是形容詞最高級或被形容詞最高級修飾的詞。
        This is the best book (that) I have read this year.
        (5) 先行詞既包括人又包括物時。例如:
        He talked about the people and the things he remembered.
        2. 只能用which,不用that 的情況:
        (1) 在非限制性定語從中。例如:
        The meeting was put off, which was exactly what we wanted.
        (2) 定語從句由介詞+關系代詞引導,先行詞是物時。例如:
        The thing about which he is talking is of great importance.
        考查的主要形式是單項填空、完型填空、短文填空和完成句子。閱讀理解和書面表達肯定也要用到定語從句。

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